Chinese clinical named entity recognition based on stacked neural network

Ruoyu Zhang, Wenpeng Lu, Shoujin Wang, Xueping Peng, Rui Yu, Yuan Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


The precise named entity recognition (NER) is a key component in Chinese clinical natural language processing. Although clinical NER systems have attracted widespread attention and been studied for decades, the latest NER research usually relies on a shallow text representation with one-layer neural encoding, which fails to capture deep features and limits its performance improvement. To capture more features and encode the clinical text efficiently, we propose a deep stacked neural network for Chinese clinical NER. The neural network stacks two bidirectional long-short term memory and gated recurrent unit layers to encode the text twice, followed by a conditional random fields (CRF) layer to recognize named entities in Chinese clinical text. Extensive empirical results on three real-world datasets demonstrate that the proposed method significantly outperforms six state-of-the-art NER methods. Especially compared with the conventional CRF model, our method has at least 3.75% F1-score improvement on these public datasets.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere5775
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalConcurrency Computation Practice and Experience
Issue number22
Early online date28 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2021


  • Chinese clinical text
  • electronic medical record
  • GRU
  • LSTM
  • named entity recognition


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