Chinese mothers’ and fathers’ involvement in toddler play activity: type variations and gender differences

Xunyi Lin, Sha Xie, Hui Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The present study explores the constructs of Chinese mothers’ and fathers’ engagement in toddlers’ play in the daily context. A sample of 238 parents of toddlers (M = 30.43 months, SD = 3.45) completed a newly-developed instrument, the Chinese Parental Involvement in Toddler Play Activity Questionnaire (CPITPAQ), to report their play engagement. First, factor analyses yielded four constructs: physical play, social games and routines, educational play, and object exploration. Second, a set of ANOVAs indicated that: (1) the mothers engaged in toddlers’ play more than the fathers; (2) both mother and father involved themselves more in toddler’s educational play than in other types of play; and (3) fathers and mothers demonstrated different patterns of play engagement with their daughters and sons–specifically, fathers engaged sons more in physical play and object exploration, while mothers engaged daughters more in social games and routines. The finding of differentiated play practices of Chinese mothers and fathers of toddlers will inform the theoretical development of parental education and related programmes.

LanguageEnglish
Pages179-190
Number of pages12
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
Volume189
Issue number2
Early online date13 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Fathers
Mothers
Nuclear Family
Statistical Factor Analysis
Analysis of Variance
Parents
Education

Keywords

  • toddler play
  • Chinese parents
  • paternal involvement
  • sociocultural perspectives
  • gender difference

Cite this

@article{39c3814279f540378c77ca23375b0bce,
title = "Chinese mothers’ and fathers’ involvement in toddler play activity: type variations and gender differences",
abstract = "The present study explores the constructs of Chinese mothers’ and fathers’ engagement in toddlers’ play in the daily context. A sample of 238 parents of toddlers (M = 30.43 months, SD = 3.45) completed a newly-developed instrument, the Chinese Parental Involvement in Toddler Play Activity Questionnaire (CPITPAQ), to report their play engagement. First, factor analyses yielded four constructs: physical play, social games and routines, educational play, and object exploration. Second, a set of ANOVAs indicated that: (1) the mothers engaged in toddlers’ play more than the fathers; (2) both mother and father involved themselves more in toddler’s educational play than in other types of play; and (3) fathers and mothers demonstrated different patterns of play engagement with their daughters and sons–specifically, fathers engaged sons more in physical play and object exploration, while mothers engaged daughters more in social games and routines. The finding of differentiated play practices of Chinese mothers and fathers of toddlers will inform the theoretical development of parental education and related programmes.",
keywords = "toddler play, Chinese parents, paternal involvement, sociocultural perspectives, gender difference",
author = "Xunyi Lin and Sha Xie and Hui Li",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1080/03004430.2018.1542529",
language = "English",
volume = "189",
pages = "179--190",
journal = "Early Child Development and Care",
issn = "0300-4430",
publisher = "Gordon and Breach",
number = "2",

}

Chinese mothers’ and fathers’ involvement in toddler play activity : type variations and gender differences. / Lin, Xunyi; Xie, Sha; Li, Hui.

In: Early Child Development and Care, Vol. 189, No. 2, 2019, p. 179-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chinese mothers’ and fathers’ involvement in toddler play activity

T2 - Early Child Development and Care

AU - Lin, Xunyi

AU - Xie, Sha

AU - Li, Hui

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The present study explores the constructs of Chinese mothers’ and fathers’ engagement in toddlers’ play in the daily context. A sample of 238 parents of toddlers (M = 30.43 months, SD = 3.45) completed a newly-developed instrument, the Chinese Parental Involvement in Toddler Play Activity Questionnaire (CPITPAQ), to report their play engagement. First, factor analyses yielded four constructs: physical play, social games and routines, educational play, and object exploration. Second, a set of ANOVAs indicated that: (1) the mothers engaged in toddlers’ play more than the fathers; (2) both mother and father involved themselves more in toddler’s educational play than in other types of play; and (3) fathers and mothers demonstrated different patterns of play engagement with their daughters and sons–specifically, fathers engaged sons more in physical play and object exploration, while mothers engaged daughters more in social games and routines. The finding of differentiated play practices of Chinese mothers and fathers of toddlers will inform the theoretical development of parental education and related programmes.

AB - The present study explores the constructs of Chinese mothers’ and fathers’ engagement in toddlers’ play in the daily context. A sample of 238 parents of toddlers (M = 30.43 months, SD = 3.45) completed a newly-developed instrument, the Chinese Parental Involvement in Toddler Play Activity Questionnaire (CPITPAQ), to report their play engagement. First, factor analyses yielded four constructs: physical play, social games and routines, educational play, and object exploration. Second, a set of ANOVAs indicated that: (1) the mothers engaged in toddlers’ play more than the fathers; (2) both mother and father involved themselves more in toddler’s educational play than in other types of play; and (3) fathers and mothers demonstrated different patterns of play engagement with their daughters and sons–specifically, fathers engaged sons more in physical play and object exploration, while mothers engaged daughters more in social games and routines. The finding of differentiated play practices of Chinese mothers and fathers of toddlers will inform the theoretical development of parental education and related programmes.

KW - toddler play

KW - Chinese parents

KW - paternal involvement

KW - sociocultural perspectives

KW - gender difference

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057573907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/03004430.2018.1542529

DO - 10.1080/03004430.2018.1542529

M3 - Article

VL - 189

SP - 179

EP - 190

JO - Early Child Development and Care

JF - Early Child Development and Care

SN - 0300-4430

IS - 2

ER -