Chinese small telescope ARray (CSTAR) for Antarctic Dome A

Yuan Xiangyan*, Cui Xiangyan, Liu Genrong, Zhai Fengxiang, Gong Xuefei, Zhang Ru, Xia Lirong, Hu Jingyao, J. S. Lawrence, Yan Jun, J. W. V. Storey, Wang Lifan, Feng Longlong, M. C. B. Ashley, Zhou Xu, Jiang Zhaoji, Zhu Zhenxi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


Chinese first arrived in Antarctic Dome A in Jan. 2005 where is widely predicted to be a better astronomical site than Dome C where have a median seeing of 0.27arcsec above 30m from the ground. This paper introduces the first Chinese Antarctic telescope for Dome A (CSTAR) which is composed of four identical telescopes, with entrance pupil 145 mm, 20 square degree FOV and four different filters g, r, i and open band. CSTAR is mainly used for variable stars detection, measurement of atmosphere extinction, sky background and cloud coverage. Now CSTAR has been successfully deployed on Antarctic Dome A by the 24th Chinese expedition team in Jan. 2008. It has started automatic observation since March 20, 2008 and will continuously observe the south area for the whole winter time. The limited magnitude observed is about 16.5m with 20 seconds exposure time. CSTARS's success is a treasurable experience and we can benefit a lot for our big telescope plans, including our three ongoing 500mm Antarctic Schmidt telescopes (AST3).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGround-based and Airborne Telescopes II
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of SPIE
EditorsLarry M. Stepp, Roberto Gilmozzi
Place of PublicationBellingham, WA
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780819472229
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventGround-based and Airborne Telescopes II - Marseille, France
Duration: 23 Jun 200828 Jun 2008


OtherGround-based and Airborne Telescopes II


  • Chinese small telescope array (CSTAR)
  • Continuous observation
  • Dome A
  • Variable detection


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