Chirped-pulse oscillators: A route to high-power femtosecond pulses without external amplification

A. Fernandez*, T. Fuji, A. Poppe, A. Fürbach, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillator that generates 130-nJ, 26-fs and 220-nJ, 30-fs pulses at a repetition rate of 11 MHz. The generation of stable broadband, high-energy pulses from an extended-cavity oscillator is achieved by the use of chirped multilayer mirrors to produce a small net positive dispersion over a broad spectral range. The resultant chirped picosecond pulses are compressed by a dispersive delay line that is external to the laser cavity. The demonstrated peak powers, in excess of 5 MW, are to our knowledge the highest ever achieved from a cw-pumped laser and are expected to be scalable to tens of megawatts by an increase in the pump power and (or) a decrease in the repetition rate. The demonstrated source permits micromachining of any materials under relaxed focusing conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1366-1368
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes


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