Chromosomal imbalances detected in NTRK-rearranged sarcomas by the use of comparative genomic hybridisation

Ana Cristina Vargas*, Nima M. Ardakani, Daniel D. Wong, Fiona M. Maclean, Joseph Kattampallil, Richard Boyle, Leonardo Santos, Anthony J. Gill

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aims: NTRK-rearranged sarcomas are emerging as a distinct class of sarcomas of particular importance in the era of targeted therapy. The aim of this study was to use array comparative genomic hybridisation (aCGH) to explore the cytogenetic profile of six adult soft tissue sarcomas harbouring NTRK gene fusions. Methods and results: aCGH was performed on six adult soft tissue sarcomas with proven NTRK rearrangements [NTRK1, n = 1 (TPM3–NTRK1); NTRK2, n = 1 (MTMR2–NTRK2); NTRK3, n = 4 (two ETV6–NTRK3; two with unknown partners). The morphological patterns of these cases included inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour-like, fibrosarcoma/malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour-like, and Ewing sarcoma-like. On the basis of the number of chromosomal copy number variations (CNVs), ranging from two to 15 per sample, NTRK-associated sarcomas could be subdivided into two groups: one with a relatively simple karyotype (n = 2; median of three genomic alterations), and those with a more complex karyotype (n = 4; median of 11 genomic imbalances). Recurrent chromosomal CNVs included gains at chromosomes 6p, 1q, 7 (whole chromosome), and 12p, and losses at chromosomes 10q, 13q, 19q, and 9p. Conclusions: NTRK-rearranged sarcomas constitute a heterogeneous group of tumours that can show a relatively simple or a complex karyotype. Although there were some, but inconsistent, associations between karyotype complexity and morphology, our study showed that a more complex karyotype in this group of tumours appeared to correlate with more aggressive clinical behaviour. Gains at chromosome 6p and 1q were the most common recurrent genomic alterations, being present in 67% of the samples (4/6), followed by gains at chromosome 7, which were present in 50% of the samples (3/6).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)932-942
    Number of pages11
    JournalHistopathology
    Volume78
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

    Keywords

    • chromosomal imbalances
    • NTRK
    • sarcoma
    • translocation

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