Circulating matters of belief

engendering Marian movements during the Bougainville crisis

Anna Karina Hermkens*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter focuses on the circulation and appropriation of transnational Marian objects and beliefs during the Bougainville conflict (1989-1999). I show how circulation drove the formation of new religious movements, and how ritual elements were appropriated into secessionist protests and practices of resistance, as well as in local peace efforts. By following these paths of circulation, the fluidity of religious beliefs across boundaries of nation state and community come to the fore, providing insight into how the appropriation of religious objects informs both nationalism and communitas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFlows of faith
Subtitle of host publicationreligious reach and community in Asia and the Pacific
EditorsLenore Manderson, Wendy Smith, Matt Tomlinson
Place of PublicationDordrecht, Netherlands
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9789400729322
ISBN (Print)9400729316, 9789400729315
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Bougainville confict
  • Marian movements
  • Nationalism and communitas
  • New religious movements
  • Religious beliefs

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