Clarence river supersuite

250 Ma Cordilleran tonalitic I-type intrusions in eastern Australia

Colleen J. Bryant*, Richard J. Arculus, Bruce W. Chappell

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    64 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Clarence River Supersuite (CRS) is one, of three late Permian I-type, supersuites in the southern New England Orogen of eastern Australia. It comprises 12 small (mostly <100 km2) intrusions that occur at the northeastern and southern extremities of the batholith. The intrusions are compositionally diverse, ranging from gabbro to monzogranite, but are dominated by tonalite, granodiorite and diorite. They have low abundances of alkalis, large ion lithophile elements, high field strength elements, and light rare earth elements (LREE) relative to granodioritic I-type intrusions. They are also amongst the most isotopically primitive plutonic rocks in eastern Australia, typically having initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios of 0·7031-0·7042 and εNd values of + 6·2 to + 1·6. In these aspects they are similar to the Mesozoic tonalitic association in the American Cordillera, and in particular to the western Peninsular Ranges batholith. Considerable chemical and isotopic diversity within the CRS points to variable conditions of formation and the involvement of multiple sources. Most intrusions are characterised by LREE enrichments, moderate negative Eu anomalies and relatively constant chondrite-normalized middle to heavy rare earth element (MREE to HREE) abundances. Such REE patterns and the presence of early formed pyroxenes are consistent with formation involving high degrees of dehydration melting of amphibolitic source rocks at pressures <0·8 GPa, producing a melt in equilibrium with a granulitic residuum. Despite similar pressures of formation, the MREE depletions and absence of negative Eu anomalies in the high-Si Kaloe Granodiorite group indicate the stabilization of amphibole, during either partial melting or crystallization, under conditions of higher f(H20). In contrast, the Duncans Creek Trondhjemite has steep REE patterns and small positive Eu anomalies indicating the stabilization of garnet at depths >26 km. Both higher f(H20) and higher pressure led to the destabilization of plagioclase, generating magmas with higher abundances of Al, Ga and Sr. At least three isotopically distinct sources were involved in the petrogenesis of the CRS, but the extent to which they contribute varies between plutons. Most intrusions have incorporated an isotopically primitive component that may represent either young isotopically primitive crust or mantle-derived magma. The other sources include granulitic materials with very low initial 87Sr/86Sr but more evolved εNdsand isotopically evolved upper-crustal material.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)975-1001
    Number of pages27
    JournalJournal of Petrology
    Volume38
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 1997

    Keywords

    • Cordilleran I-type
    • Eastern Australia
    • Isotopically primitive
    • Southern New England Orogen
    • Tonalite

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    Bryant, C. J., Arculus, R. J., & Chappell, B. W. (1997). Clarence river supersuite: 250 Ma Cordilleran tonalitic I-type intrusions in eastern Australia. Journal of Petrology, 38(8), 975-1001.