Co-optimisation of indoor environmental quality and energy consumption within urban office buildings

Tran Ngoc Quang, Congrong He, Luke D. Knibbs, Richard De Dear, Lidia Morawska*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to develop a multi-component model that can be used to maximise indoor environmental quality inside mechanically ventilated office buildings, while minimising energy usage. The integrated model, which was developed and validated from fieldwork data, was employed to assess the potential improvement of indoor air quality and energy saving under different ventilation conditions in typical air-conditioned office buildings in the subtropical city of Brisbane, Australia. When operating the ventilation system under predicted optimal conditions of indoor environmental quality and energy conservation and using outdoor air filtration, average indoor particle number (PN) concentration decreased by as much as 77%, while indoor CO2 concentration and energy consumption were not significantly different compared to the normal summer time operating conditions. Benefits of operating the system with this algorithm were most pronounced during the Brisbane's mild winter. In terms of indoor air quality, average indoor PN and CO2 concentrations decreased by 48% and 24%, respectively, while potential energy savings due to free cooling went as high as 108% of the normal winter time operating conditions. The application of such a model to the operation of ventilation systems can help to significantly improve indoor air quality and energy conservation in air-conditioned office buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-234
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • CO2
  • Multi-component model
  • Optimum
  • Outdoor air flow rate
  • Particle number
  • Temperature


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