When tests of academic and non-academic abilities are used to make selection decisions for high-stakes healthcare training programs, it has become increasingly common for applicants to use commercial coaching services to gain a competitive advantage. This chapter reviews the issues raised by the existence of the coaching industry, including the implications for the reliability and validity of test scores as well as the potential social and psychological impact. The empirical evidence, derived primarily within the context of medical student selection, is critiqued with conclusions for practice discussed. The chapter concludes with a case study detailing how one university sought to minimize the influence of coaching on selection decisions.
|Title of host publication||Selection and recruitment in the healthcare professions|
|Subtitle of host publication||research, theory and practice|
|Editors||Fiona Patterson, Lara Zibarras|
|Place of Publication||Cham, Switzerland|
|Publisher||Springer, Springer Nature|
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|