Cochlear implant outcomes in large vestibular aqueduct syndrome: should we provide cochlear implants earlier?

Andrew C. Hall, Bruno Kenway, Halit Sanli, Catherine S. Birman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Examine postoperative speech perception outcomes in a large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS) patients at a major cochlear implantation center. Study Design: Retrospective analysis of the Sydney Cochlear Implant Centre (SCIC) database and medical records from January 1994 to December 2015 was performed. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Patients: Patients with a diagnosis of LVAS who received a cochlear implant (CI). Only those with speech perception outcomes recorded at least 12 months post implant were included in our analysis. Intervention (s): Therapeutic. Main Outcome Measure(s): Postoperative speech perception scores. Results: Between 1994 and 2015, 176 adult and pediatric patients with a diagnosis of LVAS underwent cochlear implantation at SCIC. Postoperative Bamford-Kowal Bench (BKB) sentence test scores were obtained for 97 patients. The postoperative median BKB score was 93% with a lower quartile score of 85% and an upper quartile score of 98%. Smaller numbers were available for post-CI City University of New York (CUNY) and Consonant-Nucleus-Consonant (CNC) word scores yet similar excellent results were seen. Conclusions: Our study results suggest the CI should be considered when BKB scores have dropped to 85%. We suggest that rather than LVAS cases representing a challenge to cochlear implantation, they are amongst the best candidates for surgery, and should receive a CI at an earlier stage in hearing loss, when they have better speech perception. This allows stable hearing to be established earlier along with excellent speech perception outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E769-E773
Number of pages5
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Cochlear implantation
  • Large vestibular aqueduct syndrome
  • Speech perception


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