Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disordered youth: a randomized clinical trial evaluating child and family modalities

Philip C. Kendall*, Jennifer L. Hudson, Elizabeth Gosch, Ellen Flannery-Schroeder, Cynthia Suveg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

428 Citations (Scopus)


This randomized clinical trial compared the relative efficacy of individual (child) cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT), family cognitive-behavioral therapy (FCBT), and a family-based education/support/attention (FESA) active control for treating anxiety disordered youth ages 7-14 years (M = 10.27). Youth (N = 161; 44% female; 85% Caucasian, 9% African American, 3% Hispanic, 3% other/mixed) with a principal diagnosis of separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, or generalized anxiety disorder and their parents participated. Outcome analyses were conducted using hierarchical linear models on the intent-to-treat sample at posttreatment and 1-year follow-up using diagnostic severity, child self-reports, parent reports, and teacher reports. Chi-square analyses were also conducted on diagnostic status at post and 1-year follow-up. Children evidenced treatment gains in all conditions, although FCBT and ICBT were superior to FESA in reducing the presence and principality of the principal anxiety disorder, and ICBT outperformed FCBT and FESA on teacher reports of child anxiety. Treatment gains, when found, were maintained at 1-year follow-up. FCBT outperformed ICBT when both parents had an anxiety disorder. Implications for treatment and suggestions for research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-297
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008


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