A highly heterogeneous glycoprotein, α1-acid glycoprotein, was resolved into their glycoforms by capillary electrophoresis using a surface-modified capillary in 20 mM acetate buffer (pH 4.2) containing 0.5% (w/v) hydroxypropylmethylcellulose. We collected the fractions containing each glycoform as nearly pure state by capillary electrophoresis, and examined the molecular masses of these glycoforms by matrix assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry. We also analyzed carbohydrate chains after releasing them with N-glycosidase F followed by fluorescent labeling with 8-aminopyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonate. We found that the separation of glycoforms was mostly due to the presence of multiantennary carbohydrate chains. We propose that the present technique is useful for the analysis of post translational modification of proteins with carbohydrate chains.
- Alpha1-acid glycoprotein