Collective energy-efficiency approach to data center networks planning

Ting Yang, Young Choon Lee, Albert Y. Zomaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Energy efficiency of data centers (DCs) has become a major concern as DCs continue to grow large often hosting tens of thousands of servers or even hundreds of thousands of them. Clearly, such a volume of DCs implies scale of data center network (DCN) with a huge number of network nodes and links. The energy consumption of this communication network has skyrocketed and become the same league as computing servers’costs. With the ever-increasing amount of data that need to be stored and processed in DCs, DCN traffic continues to soar drawing increasingly more power. In particular, more than one-third of the total energy in DCs is consumed by communication links, switching and aggregation elements. In this paper, we concern the energy efficiency of data center explicitly taking into account both servers and DCN. To this end, we present VPTCA, as a collective energy-efficiency approach to data center network planning, which deals with virtual machine(VM) placement and communication traffic configuration. VPTCA aims particularly to reduce the energy consumption of DCN by assigning interrelated VMs into the same server or pod, which effectively helps reduce the amount of transmission load. In the layer of traffic message, VPTCA optimally uses switch ports and link bandwidth to balance the load and avoid congestions, enabling DCN to increase its transmission capacity, and saving a significant amount of network energy. In our evaluation via NS-2 simulations, the performance of VPTCA is measured and compared with two well-known DCN management algorithms, Global First Fit and Elastic Tree. Based on our experimental results, VPTCA outperforms existing algorithms in providing DCN more transmission capacity with less energy consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7369970
Pages (from-to)656-666
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
Issue number3
Early online date2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


  • Data Center Network
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Traffic Configuration
  • Virtual Machine Placement

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