This in vitro study evaluated, for the first time, the safety and the biological activity of a novel urea-crosslinked hyaluronic acid component and sodium ascorbyl phosphate (HA-CL – SAP), singularly and/or in combination, intended for the treatment of inflammatory lung diseases. The aim was to understand if the combination HA-CL – SAP had an enhanced activity with respect to the combination native hyaluronic acid (HA) – SAP and the single SAP, HA and HA-CL components. Sample solutions displayed pH, osmolality and viscosity values suitable for lung delivery and showed to be not toxic on epithelial Calu-3 cells at the concentrations used in this study. The HA-CL – SAP displayed the most significant reduction in interleukin-6 (IL-6) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, due to the combined action of HA-CL and SAP. Moreover, this combination showed improved cellular healing (wound closure) with respect to HA – SAP, SAP and HA, although at a lower rate than HA-CL alone. These preliminary results showed that the combination HA-CL - SAP could be suitable to reduce inflammation and oxidative stress in lung disorders like acute respiratory distress syndrome, asthma, emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, where inflammation is prominent.
- Hyaluronic acid
- Sodium ascorbyl phosphate
- Urea-crosslinked hyaluronic acid
- Wound healing