This paper describes a numerical method for the study of combined natural convection and radiation in a rectangular, two‐dimensional cavity containing a non‐participating (i.e. transparent) fluid. One wall of the cavity is isothermal, being heated either by solar radiation or independently. The opposite wall is partially transparent, permitting radiation exchanges between the cavity and its surroundings and/or the Sun; that wall also exchanges heat by convection from its external surface to the surroundings. The other two walls are adiabatic: convection and radiation there are balanced, so that there is no heat transfer through those walls. The equations of motion and energy are solved by finite difference methods. Coupled to these equations are the radiative flux boundary conditions which are used to determine the temperature distribution along the non‐isothermal walls. A two‐band radiation model has been employed. Results are presented for a square cavity with a vertical hot wall at 150 °C, the ambient at 20 °C and 104 ⩽ Ra ⩽ 3 × 105, in the absence of direct insolation. The effects on the flow and heat transfer in the cavity of radiation and external convection have been examined. More extensive results will be presented in subsequent papers.
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
- Finite differences
- Natural convection
- Solar collector