Combining methodological approaches in research: Ethnography and interpretive phenomenology

Frances Maggs-Rapport*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides a detailed account of two methodological approaches commonly used in qualitative research: ethnography and interpretive phenomenology. It traces both methodologies through the various stages of a research study - data collection, analysis and validation, before considering the most appropriate methods of reconstructing the participant experience for the given audience. The author puts forward a case for the combination of methodological approaches through the triangulation of data, suggesting that this can enhance our understanding of nursing. In the case of ethnographic and phenomenological data, triangulation may enable the researcher to highlight their interpretation of the phenomenon under review, whilst at the same time considering that phenomenon in terms of the participant group, their cultural background and day-to-day experiences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-225
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Data triangulation
  • Ethnography
  • Health care
  • Interpretive
  • Methodological triangulation
  • Nursing
  • Phenomenology
  • Research


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