Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequently associated with other neuropsychiatric childhood disorders. Thus, the clarification and routine assessment of these comorbidities should be a major focus in clinical practice (i.e., in diagnosing and treating children suffering from ADHD). Over the past decade scientific endeavors targeted at better characterizing the background and dynamics of ADHD-associated comorbidities increased considerably. The main aims of this article are: (a) to present an overview of current conceptualizations of comorbidities, and (b) to provide the reader with the prevalence rates as well as the genetic and cognitive aspects of ADHD-associated disorders (e.g., dyslexia, dyscalculia, oppositional defiant disorders, depression, anxiety). Based on the presented findings, the currently most plausible explanations for the respective comorbidities as well as their implications for clinical practice will be discussed. Overall, greater attention should be devoted to the complex interplay between ADHD and associated disorders.
- Anxiety disorders