Compact actively Q-switched laser for sensing applications

Xinyue Lei, Christoph Wieschendorf, Lu Hao, Josiah Firth, Leonardo Silvestri*, Simon Gross, Francois Ladouceur, Michael Withford, David Spence, Alex Fuerbach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Current active Q-switching is mainly generated by acousto-optical modulators (AOMs) or electro-optical modulators (EOMs). However, EOMs make the setup bulky, while AOMs require the radiofrequency (RF) signal and water-cooling. We present a novel approach to active Q-switching of an integrated waveguide chip laser by utilizing a deformed helix ferroelectric liquid crystal cell (6mm×6mm) with a thickness of 2 mm. This device can be directly integrated onto the Ytterbium-doped waveguide chip and controlled by the electrical signal. In experiments, with an electrical signal with a pulse duration of 2 μs and a magnitude from 10 V to 84 V, the Q-switched lasers can be observed at a repetition rate ranging from 0.1 kHz to 20 kHz. The shortest pulse duration and the maximum slope efficiency is 38 ns and 22% respectively. This novel integrated and low-cost laser source is a promising tool for a broad range of applications such as gas sensing and LIDAR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108631
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Volume173
Early online date22 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Liquid crystal
  • Q-switched laser
  • Trace gas sensing
  • Waveguide laser

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