Comparative study of planar antennas as radiating element for phased array antennas

Hamza Abbas Kiani*, Irfan Shahid, Muhammad Shoaib Arif

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Selection of a suitable antenna type for a particular application has significance importance in meeting the desired system objectives. This paper investigates various antennas of different types for their suitability as a basic radiating element for a Phased Array application. This comparative study takes into account the radiation characteristics, gain, feeding mechanism, polarization, bandwidth and size of the radiating structures that makes them a good candidate for the phased array radar applications. In order to devise a valid method for selecting antenna element, nine popular antenna elements were identified which exhibit similar gain in planar configuration. A reference criterion is formulated to best describe the characteristics of the desired antenna element for ground based phased array radar. Finally, after an extensive literature review, a comparative performance matrix is generated based on their performance as reported by the researchers in well reputed publications. This matrix can serve as a quick reference guide in selection of appropriate antenna element in developing a high gain antenna array for the given application.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 International Conference on Emerging Technologies (ICET)
EditorsGhulam Mustafa, Sufi Tabassum Gul, Shahzad Nadeem
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509035526
ISBN (Print)9781509035533
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event2016 International Conference on Emerging Technologies - Islamabad, Pakistan
Duration: 18 Oct 201619 Oct 2016
Conference number: 12th


Conference2016 International Conference on Emerging Technologies
Abbreviated titleICET-2016


  • antenna
  • gain
  • slot antenna
  • phased array radar
  • end fire radiation pattern


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