Comparative study: X-ray and neutron CT on a mummified votive offering

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study involved investigation of an unusual Egyptian votive mummy (IA.2402) of unknown age and provenance, generously loaned by the Australian Institute of Archaeology (AIA) in Melbourne, Australia. The AIA was interested to learn more about the authenticity and contents of the mummified bundle, while preserving the physical integrity of the object and causing as little damage as possible. The application of 3D imaging techniques was ideal to non-destructively study the object and still discover as much as possible about its contents. Using a combination of established and novel techniques: X-ray computed tomography (CT) and neutron CT provided valuable insight, both individually and collectively, revealing a partial animal skeleton, and several layers of textile and padding. Use of both techniques allowed for complementary study of bones, soft tissue, and textile components. Collaboration with a zooarchaeologist confirmed the animal remains to be a small, juvenile feline. Neutron CT, not yet routinely applied to archaeometric studies of mummified remains, provided insight into wrapping techniques used in the mummification process of votive animal offerings. In addition to these imaging studies, pigment analysis was also performed on the coloured markings on the wrappings. This was done using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy in order to determine their composition, and to verify their authenticity. Radiocarbon dates were acquired on samples taken from the external wrapping and the internal contents, revealing an age discrepancy between the two. This as a result is an example of recycling votive offerings, and sheds some light on the economic and religious climate in which the mummy was made and traded.

Conference

ConferenceWorld Congress on Neutron Radiography
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period2/09/187/09/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Neutron
Comparative Study
Votive Offerings
Computed Tomography
Animals
Imaging
Institute of Archaeology
Votive
Mummies
Authenticity
Climate
Mummification
Skeleton
Integrity
Bundle
Raman Spectroscopy
Melbourne
Physical
Economics
Radiocarbon Dates

Cite this

Raymond, C., Bevitt, J., Tristant, Y., Power, R. K., Lanati, A., Davey, C. J., ... Clark, S. M. (2018). Comparative study: X-ray and neutron CT on a mummified votive offering. Abstract from World Congress on Neutron Radiography, Sydney, Australia.
Raymond, Carla ; Bevitt, Joseph ; Tristant, Yann ; Power, Ronika K. ; Lanati, Anthony ; Davey, Christopher J. ; Magnussen, John S. ; Clark, Simon M. / Comparative study : X-ray and neutron CT on a mummified votive offering. Abstract from World Congress on Neutron Radiography, Sydney, Australia.1 p.
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title = "Comparative study: X-ray and neutron CT on a mummified votive offering",
abstract = "This study involved investigation of an unusual Egyptian votive mummy (IA.2402) of unknown age and provenance, generously loaned by the Australian Institute of Archaeology (AIA) in Melbourne, Australia. The AIA was interested to learn more about the authenticity and contents of the mummified bundle, while preserving the physical integrity of the object and causing as little damage as possible. The application of 3D imaging techniques was ideal to non-destructively study the object and still discover as much as possible about its contents. Using a combination of established and novel techniques: X-ray computed tomography (CT) and neutron CT provided valuable insight, both individually and collectively, revealing a partial animal skeleton, and several layers of textile and padding. Use of both techniques allowed for complementary study of bones, soft tissue, and textile components. Collaboration with a zooarchaeologist confirmed the animal remains to be a small, juvenile feline. Neutron CT, not yet routinely applied to archaeometric studies of mummified remains, provided insight into wrapping techniques used in the mummification process of votive animal offerings. In addition to these imaging studies, pigment analysis was also performed on the coloured markings on the wrappings. This was done using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy in order to determine their composition, and to verify their authenticity. Radiocarbon dates were acquired on samples taken from the external wrapping and the internal contents, revealing an age discrepancy between the two. This as a result is an example of recycling votive offerings, and sheds some light on the economic and religious climate in which the mummy was made and traded.",
author = "Carla Raymond and Joseph Bevitt and Yann Tristant and Power, {Ronika K.} and Anthony Lanati and Davey, {Christopher J.} and Magnussen, {John S.} and Clark, {Simon M.}",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
note = "World Congress on Neutron Radiography ; Conference date: 02-09-2018 Through 07-09-2018",
url = "https://www.ansto.gov.au/whats-on/11th-world-conference-on-neutron-radiography",

}

Raymond, C, Bevitt, J, Tristant, Y, Power, RK, Lanati, A, Davey, CJ, Magnussen, JS & Clark, SM 2018, 'Comparative study: X-ray and neutron CT on a mummified votive offering' World Congress on Neutron Radiography, Sydney, Australia, 2/09/18 - 7/09/18, .

Comparative study : X-ray and neutron CT on a mummified votive offering. / Raymond, Carla; Bevitt, Joseph; Tristant, Yann; Power, Ronika K.; Lanati, Anthony; Davey, Christopher J.; Magnussen, John S.; Clark, Simon M.

2018. Abstract from World Congress on Neutron Radiography, Sydney, Australia.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearchpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Comparative study

T2 - X-ray and neutron CT on a mummified votive offering

AU - Raymond, Carla

AU - Bevitt, Joseph

AU - Tristant, Yann

AU - Power, Ronika K.

AU - Lanati, Anthony

AU - Davey, Christopher J.

AU - Magnussen, John S.

AU - Clark, Simon M.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This study involved investigation of an unusual Egyptian votive mummy (IA.2402) of unknown age and provenance, generously loaned by the Australian Institute of Archaeology (AIA) in Melbourne, Australia. The AIA was interested to learn more about the authenticity and contents of the mummified bundle, while preserving the physical integrity of the object and causing as little damage as possible. The application of 3D imaging techniques was ideal to non-destructively study the object and still discover as much as possible about its contents. Using a combination of established and novel techniques: X-ray computed tomography (CT) and neutron CT provided valuable insight, both individually and collectively, revealing a partial animal skeleton, and several layers of textile and padding. Use of both techniques allowed for complementary study of bones, soft tissue, and textile components. Collaboration with a zooarchaeologist confirmed the animal remains to be a small, juvenile feline. Neutron CT, not yet routinely applied to archaeometric studies of mummified remains, provided insight into wrapping techniques used in the mummification process of votive animal offerings. In addition to these imaging studies, pigment analysis was also performed on the coloured markings on the wrappings. This was done using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy in order to determine their composition, and to verify their authenticity. Radiocarbon dates were acquired on samples taken from the external wrapping and the internal contents, revealing an age discrepancy between the two. This as a result is an example of recycling votive offerings, and sheds some light on the economic and religious climate in which the mummy was made and traded.

AB - This study involved investigation of an unusual Egyptian votive mummy (IA.2402) of unknown age and provenance, generously loaned by the Australian Institute of Archaeology (AIA) in Melbourne, Australia. The AIA was interested to learn more about the authenticity and contents of the mummified bundle, while preserving the physical integrity of the object and causing as little damage as possible. The application of 3D imaging techniques was ideal to non-destructively study the object and still discover as much as possible about its contents. Using a combination of established and novel techniques: X-ray computed tomography (CT) and neutron CT provided valuable insight, both individually and collectively, revealing a partial animal skeleton, and several layers of textile and padding. Use of both techniques allowed for complementary study of bones, soft tissue, and textile components. Collaboration with a zooarchaeologist confirmed the animal remains to be a small, juvenile feline. Neutron CT, not yet routinely applied to archaeometric studies of mummified remains, provided insight into wrapping techniques used in the mummification process of votive animal offerings. In addition to these imaging studies, pigment analysis was also performed on the coloured markings on the wrappings. This was done using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy in order to determine their composition, and to verify their authenticity. Radiocarbon dates were acquired on samples taken from the external wrapping and the internal contents, revealing an age discrepancy between the two. This as a result is an example of recycling votive offerings, and sheds some light on the economic and religious climate in which the mummy was made and traded.

UR - https://events01.synchrotron.org.au/event/70/timetable/

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Raymond C, Bevitt J, Tristant Y, Power RK, Lanati A, Davey CJ et al. Comparative study: X-ray and neutron CT on a mummified votive offering. 2018. Abstract from World Congress on Neutron Radiography, Sydney, Australia.