Comparing the clinical usefulness of the Institute of Cognitive Neurology (INECO) Frontal Screening (IFS) and the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) in frontotemporal dementia

Ezequiel Gleichgerrcht*, María Roca, Facundo Manes, Teresa Torralva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compared the utility of two executive-function brief screening tools, the Institute of Cognitive Neurology (INECO) Frontal Screening (IFS) and the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), in their ability to detect executive dysfunction in a group of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bv-FTD, n = 25) and Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 25) patients in the early stages of their disease and in comparison to a group of age-, gender-, and education-matched controls (n = 26). Relative to the FAB, the IFS showed (a) better capability to differentiate between types of dementia; (b) higher sensitivity and specificity for the detection of executive dysfunction; (c) stronger correlations with standard executive tasks.We conclude that while both tools are brief and specific for the detection of early executive dysfunction in dementia, the IFS is more sensitive and specific in differentiating bvFTD from AD, and its use in everyday clinical practice can contribute to the differential diagnosis between types of dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)997-1004
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia
  • Cognitive screening
  • Executive functions
  • Frontal Assessment Battery
  • Institute of Cognitive Neurology Frontal Screening

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