Comparison of frequency-based techniques for assessment of baroreceptor sensitivity and heart rate variability

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) quantify autonomic variability in heart pacing and the autonomic response to blood pressure changes respectively. By necessity, the signals used to calculate HRV and BRS (systolic blood pressure (SBP) and RR interval) have one data point every cardiac cycle. Due to inherent variability in heart rate, these are non-uniformly sampled data. A number of calculation methods exist that adjust for non-uniform sampled signals. This study compared frequency domain methods of HRV and BRS calculation to ascertain whether more complex methods resulted in different results to simpler methods. Wistar rats (n=10), and rats with induced diabetes (n=8) were anesthetized and SBP and RR interval measured for a period of approximately 5 minutes. This data were analyzed using the sequence technique (for BRS), fast Fourier transform (FFT), non-uniform discrete Fourier transform (NDFT) and an extended Lomb-Scargle Periodogram (LSP). There were small but significant differences in NDFT from LSP technique for both BRS in the low frequency range (p=0.005) and HRV in the high frequency range (p=0.001). The NDFT technique was also significantly different to FFT technique for BRS in the low frequency range (p=0.023). All other methods were not statistically different. However, all techniques showed the same results comparing diabetic to control rats. This study shows more complex methods that correct for the non-uniformity of the sampling have significant differences but those differences are small to the point of not altering findings associated with HRV or BRS.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2017 : proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationSmarter Technology for a Healthier World
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages3985-3988
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028092
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2017
Event39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017 - Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 11 Jul 201715 Jul 2017

Conference

Conference39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island
Period11/07/1715/07/17

Fingerprint

Pressoreceptors
Heart Rate
Fourier Analysis
Blood Pressure
Blood pressure
Discrete Fourier transforms
Fast Fourier transforms
Rats
Rat control
Medical problems
Wistar Rats
Sampling

Cite this

Ramachandran, H., Butlin, M., Quinn, B. G., Avolio, A. P., & Town, G. (2017). Comparison of frequency-based techniques for assessment of baroreceptor sensitivity and heart rate variability. In 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2017 : proceedings: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World (pp. 3985-3988). [8037729] Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037729
Ramachandran, Harish ; Butlin, Mark ; Quinn, Barry G. ; Avolio, Alberto P. ; Town, Graham. / Comparison of frequency-based techniques for assessment of baroreceptor sensitivity and heart rate variability. 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2017 : proceedings: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World. Piscataway, NJ : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017. pp. 3985-3988
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abstract = "Heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) quantify autonomic variability in heart pacing and the autonomic response to blood pressure changes respectively. By necessity, the signals used to calculate HRV and BRS (systolic blood pressure (SBP) and RR interval) have one data point every cardiac cycle. Due to inherent variability in heart rate, these are non-uniformly sampled data. A number of calculation methods exist that adjust for non-uniform sampled signals. This study compared frequency domain methods of HRV and BRS calculation to ascertain whether more complex methods resulted in different results to simpler methods. Wistar rats (n=10), and rats with induced diabetes (n=8) were anesthetized and SBP and RR interval measured for a period of approximately 5 minutes. This data were analyzed using the sequence technique (for BRS), fast Fourier transform (FFT), non-uniform discrete Fourier transform (NDFT) and an extended Lomb-Scargle Periodogram (LSP). There were small but significant differences in NDFT from LSP technique for both BRS in the low frequency range (p=0.005) and HRV in the high frequency range (p=0.001). The NDFT technique was also significantly different to FFT technique for BRS in the low frequency range (p=0.023). All other methods were not statistically different. However, all techniques showed the same results comparing diabetic to control rats. This study shows more complex methods that correct for the non-uniformity of the sampling have significant differences but those differences are small to the point of not altering findings associated with HRV or BRS.",
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Ramachandran, H, Butlin, M, Quinn, BG, Avolio, AP & Town, G 2017, Comparison of frequency-based techniques for assessment of baroreceptor sensitivity and heart rate variability. in 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2017 : proceedings: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World., 8037729, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Piscataway, NJ, pp. 3985-3988, 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017, Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of, 11/07/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037729

Comparison of frequency-based techniques for assessment of baroreceptor sensitivity and heart rate variability. / Ramachandran, Harish; Butlin, Mark; Quinn, Barry G.; Avolio, Alberto P.; Town, Graham.

39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2017 : proceedings: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World. Piscataway, NJ : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017. p. 3985-3988 8037729.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionResearchpeer-review

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Ramachandran H, Butlin M, Quinn BG, Avolio AP, Town G. Comparison of frequency-based techniques for assessment of baroreceptor sensitivity and heart rate variability. In 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2017 : proceedings: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World. Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). 2017. p. 3985-3988. 8037729 https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037729