Comparison of gel larval diet with traditional lucerne chaff and carrot solid diets for rearing of Queensland fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sterile insect technique (SIT) for Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni Froggatt, Australia’s most economically damaging fruit fly species, is currently undergoing a major renewal and expansion. SIT relies on efficient and economical mass-rearing procedures that produce high-quality flies. Two solid larval diets, carrot and lucerne chaff, have traditionally been used to rear Queensland fruit fly. Recently, a gel larval diet has been developed to eliminate biological bulking agents from the mass-rearing process, but to date, there has been no direct comparison of gel larval diet with traditional solid diets. In the present study, the performance of flies reared on gel larval diet was compared with the performance of flies reared on carrot and lucerne chaff diets. In addition, to investigate whether the performance of reared flies depends on ancestral diet as well as tested diet, we sourced eggs from a colony maintained on carrot diet and from a colony maintained on a lucerne chaff diet. Overall, the gel diet was as good or better than the solid diets in all quality control parameters, including, egg–larval duration, pupal number, pupal recovery, adult emergence, percentage of fliers, and rate of fliers. Of note, larvae developed faster and pupated more synchronously on the gel diet than on either of the solid diets. At the loading densities used, gel and carrot diets produced less waste than lucerne chaff diet. Gel diets offer a rearing solution for Queensland fruit fly that eliminates biological bulking agents and yields faster and more synchronous larval development without compromising productivity or quality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to) 2278–2286
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume112
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • sterile insect technique
  • mass rearing
  • pupal recovery
  • fly emergence
  • flight ability

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of gel larval diet with traditional lucerne chaff and carrot solid diets for rearing of Queensland fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this