Comparison of grape chitinase activities in Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon with Vitis rotundifolia cv. fry

Steven Van Sluyter, Michael J. Durako, Christopher J. Halkides*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fungal resistance in Euvitis is generally correlated with levels of pathogenesis-related proteins such as chitinase. Vitis rotundifolia is resistant to many pathogens that affect Vitis vinifera; therefore, grape chitinase activities were compared in V. rotundifolia cv. Fry and V. vinifera cvs. Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay. Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay chitinase activities were approximately 130-fold and 80-fold higher than Fry activities, respectively. Thus, the high pathogen resistance of Fry may be a result of factors other than chitinase. By sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), Fry berries had two chitinase isoforms, and at least one was not found in the V. vinifera berries. Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay had four and five chitinase isoforms, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-85
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
Volume56
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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