With the completion of many genome projects, a shift is now occurring from the acquisition of gene sequence to understanding the role and context of gene products within the genome. The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one organism for which a genome sequence is now available, including the annotation of open reading frames (ORFs). However, approximately one third of the ORFs are as yet undefined in function. Proteomics can complement genomics, by characterising gene products and their response to a variety of biological and environmental influences. In this study we have established the first two-dimensional gel electrophoresis reference map of proteins from the membrane fraction of P. aeruginosa strain PA01. A total of 189 proteins have been identified and correlated with 104 genes from the P. aeruginosa genome. Annotated membrane proteins could be grouped into three distinct categories: (i) those with functions previously characterised in P. aeruginosa (38%); (ii) those with significant sequence similarity to proteins with assigned function or hypothetical proteins in other organisms (46%); and (iii) those with unknown function (16%). Transmembrane prediction algorithms showed that each identified protein sequence contained at least one membrane-spanning region. Furthermore, the current methodology used to isolate the membrane fraction was shown to be highly specific since no contaminating cytosolic proteins were characterised. Preliminary analysis showed that at least 15 gel spots may be glycosylated in vivo, including three proteins that have not previously been functionally characterised. The reference map of membrane proteins from this organism is now the basis for determining surface molecules associated with antibiotic resistance and efflux, cell-cell signalling and pathogen-host interactions in a variety of P. aeruginosa strains.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|