Complete evaluation of the child identified as a poor listener

Kenneth M. Grundfast*, Robert G. Berkowitz, C. Keith Conners, Paula Belman

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    With increasing awareness among educators of the importance of early identification of hearing impairment, growing numbers of children are being referred for evaluation when a teacher or day care supervisor perceives that a child is having difficulty listening. Some children who manifest difficulty listening in a pre-school play group or the classroom may have conductive or sensorineural hearing loss, while others have normal hearing with an underlying and yet-to-be-detected behavioral or psychoeducational disorder. This report presents suggestions for evaluation of the child referred for difficulty listening. The otologist should consider that a child may have an attention deficit disorder when results of initial audiologic assessment indicate there is no hearing loss or when the degree of hearing loss appears to be small in relation to the degree of inattentiveness that has been observed. The features of Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Specific Developmental Disorder (SDD) are described, and illustrative case studies are presented. Clues to diagnosis are provided and a distinction between overlapping disorders is made.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)65-78
    Number of pages14
    JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1991


    • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    • Childhood behavior disorder
    • Hearing loss
    • Office evaluation
    • Otitis media
    • Otolaryngologist
    • Poor listener


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