Complexity and autism spectrum disorder

exploring hysteresis in a grasping task

Joseph L. Amaral, Veronica Romero, Heidi Kloos, Michael Richardson

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Abstract

In the current paper, we explored the presence of hysteresis in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Hysteresis is a complexity flag, known to shed light on the dynamics of nonlinear systems. We chose a task that elicits hysteresis in typical development and carried it out with children with ASD. Specifically, children were asked to lift cubes that got increasingly bigger and then smaller (or vice versa). Smaller cubes could be lifted with one hand, whereas bigger cubes required two hands to be lifted. Thus, the change in cube size forced participants to switch their grasping patterns (from one hand to two vs. from two hands to one). The dependent variable was the transition point at which the switch in lifting patterns happened. Results show hysteresis for ASD, to the same degree found for typically developing children (Experiment 1). However, when a social component was added to the task (children had to hand the cubes to the experimenter), a clear difference was found between diagnostic groups (Experiment 2): While typically developing children still demonstrated hysteresis in their grasping, ASD participants no longer did so. It appears that the coordination dynamics of a motor task changed when children with ASD were asked to interact with the experimenter. We discuss the extent to which the analysis of coordination dynamics provides a unique window into understanding ASD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-130
Number of pages18
JournalAIMS Medical Science
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2017. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • atypical development
  • children
  • coordination dynamics
  • social coordination
  • perseveration

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