Computerized occlusion rating: A superior predictor of aneurysm rebleeding for ruptured embolized aneurysms

Camillo Sherif*, A. Gruber, E. Schuster, E. Lahnsteiner, D. Gibson, H. Milavec, B. Feichter, M. Wiesender, C. Dorfer, M. Krawagna, A. Di Ieva, G. Bavinszki, E. Knosp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The initial angiographic occlusion rate is the strongest predictor of later rebleeding in previously ruptured coil-embolized cerebral aneurysms. Angiographic estimations of aneurysmal occlusion rates are, however, subjective in nature and confounded by methodologic problems. COR has been developed, and its superiority has been experimentally established to overcome subjective bias. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical value of COR as a more objective predictor of aneurysm rebleeding when compared with SOR as described in the Raymond Classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied COR in a consecutive series of 249 patients. Two DSA projections were selected independently by 2 blinded investigators. In cases of disagreement on the selected projections, a consensus decision was obtained. SOR were determined by 2 independent observers according to the Raymond classification. COR was measured by 2 blinded investigators. Interobserver variations were determined for SOR and COR. COR results were compared with SOR results and stratified as 100%, 99.9%-90%, 89.9%-70%, and <70% occlusion. SOR and COR were evaluated as predictors for aneurysm rebleeding. RESULTS: Seven aneurysms rebled (2.8%; follow-up, 59 ± 35 months). In 20.9% of all cases, DSA selection was performed by consensus evaluations. Interobserver variations were statistically significant for SOR (P = .0030) but not for COR (P = .3517). Compared with COR, SOR overestimated the degree of aneurysmal occlusion in 81.9% of all cases. Only COR predicted rebleeding (P = .0162). CONCLUSIONS: Unacceptable interobserver variations were shown for the standard SOR estimations. COR substantially reduced the impact of subjective bias. COR may, therefore, serve as an easily applicable more objective predictor of aneurysm rerupture. The remaining bias of COR, caused by 2D image analysis, may be overcome by use of direct 3D measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1481-1487
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2012
Externally publishedYes


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