Concurrent chemoradiotherapy compared with surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma

Sinclair M. Gore*, Anthony K. Crombie, Martin D. Batstone, Jonathan R. Clark

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The purpose of this study was to compare survival and functional outcomes in patients with advanced oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated with either surgery + adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Methods Patients treated with curative intent by either surgery + RT or concurrent CRT were identified over a 6-year period (2001-2007). Disease and functional outcomes were analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis. Results Fifty-four patients underwent surgical excision and received postoperative RT. Fifty patients underwent concurrent CRT. Overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) was significantly higher in the surgically treated group (p < .001). Long-term enteral feeding tube support was more commonly required in those treated with CRT, whereas osteoradionecrosis rates were comparable between the 2 groups. Conclusion Treatment by surgery + adjuvant RT for advanced oral cavity SCC resulted in better disease control than treatment with CRT. This supports traditional surgical treatment algorithms for oral cavity cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-523
Number of pages6
JournalHead and Neck
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chemoradiotherapy
  • feeding tube
  • head and neck cancer
  • organ preservation
  • osteoradionecrosis

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