Consanguineous marriages and genealogy of el-Qusiya governors in the Middle Kingdom

Naguib Kanawati

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Despite the fact that Egyptian gods and kings were married to their sisters and that rare cases of brother-sister marriages of people of non-royal background are known from the Late Period, it is assumed that such marriages were not possible in earlier periods. However, the examination of a well-known case of adoption from the Ramesside period shows that from the legal point of view, and regardless of their commonality, such marriages were at least acceptable and legally permitted. This paper examines evidence from Old and Middle Kingdom tombs, with likely cases found in those of Kaikhent of tomb A3 at el-Hammamiya, Wahi of el-Hagarsa, Ukhhotep of Tomb B2 at Meir, and Senbi of Tomb B3 at Meir.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGuardian of Ancient Egypt
Subtitle of host publicationstudies in honor of Zahi Hawass
EditorsJanice Kamrin, Miroslav Bárta, Salima Ikram, Mark Lehner, Mohamed Megahed
Place of PublicationPrague
PublisherCharles University in Prague
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9788073089801
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • El-Qusiya
  • Middle Kingdom
  • administration
  • genealogy
  • marriage


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