Conservation of the lipooligosaccharide synthesis locus lgt among strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: requirement for lgtE in synthesis of the 2C7 epitope and of the β chain of strain 15253

Alice L. Erwin, Paul A. Haynes, Peter A. Rice, Emil C. Gotschlich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to examine the extent to which the lgt locus varies among strains of gonococci. This locus encodes five glycosyl transferases involved in the synthesis of the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of Neisseria gonorrhoea. We examined seven gonococcal strains and found that the structure of the lgt locus is conversed among six of these strains. The locus is strikingly altered in strain 15253. This is one of the few strains where extensive structural analysis of its LOS is available, and therefore, we defined the altered lgt locus and focused on the reactivity of mAB 2C7. We found that strain 15253 contains only two lgt genes, lgtA and lgtE. As in F62, lgtA encodes a GlcNAc transferase and is subject to phase variation. In addition, by analysis of deletion mutants, we found that lgtE, which encodes a galactosyl transferase that is required for elongating the α-chain, is also necessary for completing the β chain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1241
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume184
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes

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