Constitutional change and security force dynamics in South and Southeast Asia: an example from Myanmar

Md Jobair Alam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstractResearch

Abstract

Achieving civilian control of security forces through constitutional reform has been a major challenge for emerging democracies in South and Southeast Asia. Often governments seeking to establish civilian control have been faced with the threat of coups. A case study of Myanmar (Burma), where the security forces have moved towards becoming more integrated under the latest constitution of civilian-led regimes is undertaken. This paper asks: (i) how did the institutionalization of security forces under civilian-led constitutions occur; and (ii) how might civilian control be sustained over time? It is argued that security forces agree to the constitutional changes mainly as a result of informal bargaining. Concessions by civilians result from their relative weaker unity compared to the security forces. The final provisions are shaped by the heritage of authoritarianism coupled with threat environments. In conclusion this paper suggests a model for achieving constitutionally-enshrined civilian supremacy and democratic development for an ethnically divided Myanmar.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationBritish Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference 2017
Subtitle of host publicationfull conference schedule with abstracts
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventBritish Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference - Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Duration: 19 Apr 201721 Apr 2017

Conference

ConferenceBritish Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityNottingham
Period19/04/1721/04/17

Fingerprint

Myanmar
South Asia
Southeast Asia
constitution
threat
constitutional reform
authoritarianism
concession
institutionalization
regime
democracy

Cite this

Alam, M. J. (2017). Constitutional change and security force dynamics in South and Southeast Asia: an example from Myanmar. In British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference 2017: full conference schedule with abstracts
Alam, Md Jobair. / Constitutional change and security force dynamics in South and Southeast Asia : an example from Myanmar. British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference 2017: full conference schedule with abstracts. 2017.
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Alam, MJ 2017, Constitutional change and security force dynamics in South and Southeast Asia: an example from Myanmar. in British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference 2017: full conference schedule with abstracts. British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, Nottingham, United Kingdom, 19/04/17.

Constitutional change and security force dynamics in South and Southeast Asia : an example from Myanmar. / Alam, Md Jobair.

British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference 2017: full conference schedule with abstracts. 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstractResearch

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Alam MJ. Constitutional change and security force dynamics in South and Southeast Asia: an example from Myanmar. In British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference 2017: full conference schedule with abstracts. 2017