Construct validity of Williams' ostracism needs threat scale

J. P. Gerber*, Si-Hua Chang, Hannah Reimel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Much recent work on ostracism has used the online game Cyberball paired with an un-validated 12-item scale that purportedly measures four needs. Thus, the present paper examined convergent and discriminant validity for the needs threat scale compared to the Sheldon Needs Scale, a more established measure of ten psychological needs. Two samples, containing 192 participants, completed inclusion or exclusion manipulations via Cyberball. Convergent validity correlations were higher than divergent correlations, but within-scale correlations were higher still, suggesting the sub-scales are not perfectly distinct. This was further supported by the poor fit to a four-factor model in confirmatory factor analysis and the existence of a two-factor structure in exploratory factor analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-53
Number of pages4
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Early online date26 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • ostracism
  • cyberball
  • construct validity
  • needs
  • motivation
  • rejection


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