Constructing Performance-Predictable Clusters with Performance-Varying Resources of Clouds

Omer Y. Adam, Young Choon Lee, Albert Y. Zomaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Although most current cloud providers, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure offer different types of computing instances with different capacities, cloud users tend to hire a cluster of instances of particular type to ensure performance predictability for their applications. Nowadays, many large-scale applications including big data analytics applications feature workload patterns that have heterogeneous resource demands, for which, accounting for heterogeneity of virtual cloud instances to allocate would be highly advantageous to the application performance. However, performance predictability has been always an issue in such clusters of heterogeneous resources. In particular, to precisely decide on what instances from which types to enclose in a cluster, such that the desired performance is attained, remains an open question. To this end, we devise a resource allocation mechanism by formulating it as a Mixed-Integer programming model representing an optimization problem. Our resource allocation mechanism incorporates predictable average performance as a unified performance metric, which concerns two key performance-related issues: (a) Performance variation within same-type instances, and (b) Correlations of performance variabilities across different types. Our experimental results demonstrate that target performance is predictable and attainable for clusters of heterogeneous resources. Our mechanism constructs clusters whose performance is within 95 percent of the performance of optimal ones, hence deadlines are always met. By reoptimisation, our mechanism can react to performance mispredictions and support autoscaling for varying workloads. We experimentally verify our findings using clusters on Amazon EC2 with MapReduce workloads, and on a private cloud as well. We conduct comparison experiments with an existing recent resource allocation approach in literature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7362012
Pages (from-to)2709-2724
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computers
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016


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