In their ascent to the aircraft detector system, the gamma-rays recorded in airborne radiometric surveys are attenuated, first by the surface materials wherein they originate, then by the intervening atmosphere. Increased ground-clearance thus entails reduced count-rates. It also implies diminished spatial resolution, because the same cone of incident radiation derives from progressively larger ?footprints? that, for a given sampling rate, increasingly overlap. But suitable post-processing of the gridded, two-dimensional imagery can be used to correct these types of height-dependent degradation and hence produce sharper, quantitatively useful maps of radioactive isotope distribution. An essential prerequisite for such inverse filtering is noise-suppression, achieved here through maximum-noise-fraction (MNF) transformation of multi-channel data. High-frequency noise amplified by the deconvolution step is brought under control by a variant of Wiener filtering. The combined de-noising and deconvolution process is illustrated by application to an airborne gamma-ray survey from the Marble Bar area, Western Australia.
- Inverse filtering
- Wiener filter