Correlates of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology in natural bodybuilders: distinguishing factors in the pursuit of hyper-muscularity

Lachlan Mitchell*, Stuart B. Murray, Matthew Hoon, Daniel Hackett, Tania Prvan, Helen O'Connor

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Sixty participants (age 29.6 ± 7.1 years) completed the survey. Eating disorder scores (β = .298), rate of pre-competition weight loss (β = .307) and number of competitions (β = −.257) were significant predictors of MD. The association between the EAT-26 and MDDI underscores the salience of disordered eating pathology in presentations of MD. Supporting this, greater rate of pre-competition weight loss, which may reflect disordered eating practices, is also associated with MD symptomatology. The inverse association of competition experience suggests novice bodybuilders may display increased MD symptomatology.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-5
    Number of pages5
    JournalBody Image
    Volume22
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

    Keywords

    • eating disorder
    • weight loss
    • bodybuilding

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