Correlation of the Kennedy Osteitis Score to clinico-histologic features of chronic rhinosinusitis

Kornkiat Snidvongs*, Rohan Mclachlan, Raymond Sacks, Peter Earls, Richard J. Harvey

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    31 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: Osteitis is a feature of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and often associated with recalcitrant disease. Radiological characteristics of osteitic sinus changes are commonly reported in practice but the clinical and pathologic significance is poorly defined. The objective of this study was to correlate the Kennedy Osteitis Score (KOS) to clinico-histologic features of CRS. Methods: A cross-sectional study of CRS patients undergoing sinus surgery was conducted. Osteitis was scored radiologically using the KOS. Associations between osteitis and histopathology, symptoms, 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test (SNOT-22), endoscopy, computed tomography (CT) mucosal score, and seromarkers were assessed. Interobserver correlation coefficient was performed. Additionally, the KOS was correlated to an alternate Global Osteitis Score. Results: A total of 88 patients were assessed (45.5% female, age 50.3 ± 13.6 years); 45 (51.1%) patients had osteitis. Patients with KOS >0, had greater endoscopy score (6.1 ± 2.9 vs 4.4 ± 3.6, p = 0.03) and CT score (14.0 ± 6.0 vs 10.1 ± 5.7, p < 0.01) than those without osteitis. There was no difference in symptom score (2.4 ± 1.3 vs 2.4 ± 1.1, p = 0.89) and SNOT-22 (2.0 ± 1.0 vs 1.9 ± 1.1, p  = 0.56) in patients with and without osteitis. KOS was higher in patients with tissue eosinophilia >10/high-power field (HPF) (median 3.0 [IQR, 1.0-5.3] vs 0.0 [0.0-4.0], p = 0.03) and serum eosinophilia >0.3 × 109/L (4.0 [2.0-7.0] vs 1.0 [0.0-4.0], p < 0.01). Importantly, this was also true for those without prior surgery. The interobserver correlation coefficient was good (R = 0.86, p < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between the KOS and the Global Osteitis Score (R = 0.93, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The KOS is a simple, easy, and reproducible scale in assessing osteitic bones in patients with CRS and can predict measures of severity in eosinophilic rhinosinusitis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)369-375
    Number of pages7
    JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - May 2013


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