Cortical beta oscillations and motor thresholds differ across the spectrum of post-stroke motor impairment, a preliminary MEG and TMS study

Christine T. Shiner, Huizhen Tang, Blake W. Johnson, Penelope A. McNulty*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background Cortical oscillatory activity in the beta frequency band (13-30 Hz) is associated with voluntary movement and may be altered in motor disorders such as stroke. Methods We used a multimodal case-series approach to investigate movement-related beta oscillations, cortical excitability and upper-limb motor-function in 10 chronic stroke-patients across a broad range of motor-impairment. Assessments included: (i) whole-head magnetoencephalography (MEG) during a voluntary motor task; (ii) resting and active motor-thresholds to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS); and (iii) assessments of upper-limb motor-function. Results MEG revealed distinct patterns of movement-related beta oscillations according to motor-function. An elongated event-related desynchronisation (ERD) was correlated with poorer motor-function (p=0.004) whereas an elongated event-related resynchronisation (ERS) was correlated with higher motor function and lower TMS motor thresholds on the more-affected side (p=0.014 and p<0.001, respectively). Oscillation amplitude and laterality were also correlated with motor-function, where a stronger ERD/ERS and a greater relative contribution from the ipsilesional hemisphere were correlated with better motor-function (p=0.016, p=0.025). Unlike TMS responses and motor-function, the temporal profile of beta oscillations was largely symmetrical for movements of the more- and less-affected hands. Conclusions Beta ERD/ERS patterns differ across the post-stroke motor impairment spectrum, and are bilaterally similar after stroke. Both the amplitude and duration of beta oscillations relate to post-stroke motor-function. Significance The contralesional hemisphere is not unaffected post-stroke. Caution is needed when generalising imaging and neurophysiological findings from patients with moderate to high motor ability to the more heterogeneous general stroke population and particularly those with low levels of residual voluntary motor-function.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)26-37
    Number of pages12
    JournalBrain Research
    Volume1629
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2015

    Keywords

    • neurophysiology
    • motor-function
    • cortical excitability
    • motor cortex
    • brain imaging
    • chronic stroke

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