Coseismic Coulomb stress change caused by 2010 MS=7.1 Yushu earthquake and its influence to 2011 MS=5.2 Nangqên earthquake

Bin Shan, Jia Hang Li, Li Bo Han, Li Hua Fang, Song Yang, Bi Kai Jin, Yong Zheng, Xiong Xiong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A moderate and widely felt earthquake of MS7.1 occurred on April 14, 2010 in Yushu district of Qinghai province, China. Comparing with typical intraplate earthquakes, the exceptional characteristic of aftershock sequence of Yushu earthquake is that the aftershocks are exceptionally sparse and strong for such a moderate earthquake. Thus, the relationship between the MS7.1 mainshock and its aftershocks should provide us a good opportunity to investigate the mechanism of aftershock occurrences. Based on the elastic dislocation theory and multilayer lithospheric model, we calculate the coseismic static and postseismic viscoelastic relaxation stress changes induced by the Yushu earthquake, analyze its influence on aftershocks distribution, and discuss the interaction between MS7.1 Yushu earthquake and 2011 MS5.2 Nangqên earthquake. The results show that the coseismic stress changes induced by Yushu earthquake obviously raised the stress accumulation in four regions. Analyzing the relationship between Coulomb stress changes and aftershocks distribution, the numerical result is insensitive to the effective coefficient of friction and calculated depth, but more sensitive to the effect of regional stress. Taking the regional stress into account, 86.7% of total aftershocks located in the regions with increased Coulomb stress. The aftershock distribution of Yushu earthquake could be well explained by the earthquake stress triggering theory. Taking the two nodal planes of the focal mechanism of Nangqên earthquake as the receiver fault, we calculate the coseismic and postseismic stress changes with different viscosities. The numerical results indicate that the hypocenter of Nangqên earthquake always locates in the stress shadow, which means the theories of static and viscoelastic relaxation stress triggering can not explain the occurrence of Nangqên earthquake. So, we propose that the Nangqên earthquake could be an independent event.

Translated title of the contributionCoseismic Coulomb stress change caused by 2010 MS=7.1 Yushu earthquake and its influence to 2011 MS=5.2 Nangqên earthquake
LanguageMandarin
Pages3028-3042
Number of pages15
JournalChinese Journal of Geophysics
Volume55
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

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stress change
Earthquakes
earthquakes
earthquake
aftershock
stress relaxation
Stress relaxation
occurrences
focal mechanism
dislocation
coefficient of friction
China
Multilayers
friction

Keywords

  • Coulomb failure stress
  • Earthquake stress triggering
  • Nangqên earthquake
  • Yushu earthquake

Cite this

Shan, Bin ; Li, Jia Hang ; Han, Li Bo ; Fang, Li Hua ; Yang, Song ; Jin, Bi Kai ; Zheng, Yong ; Xiong, Xiong. / 2010年MS7.1级玉树地震同震库仑应力变化以及对2011年MS5.2级囊谦地震的影. In: Chinese Journal of Geophysics. 2012 ; Vol. 55, No. 9. pp. 3028-3042.
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title = "2010年MS7.1级玉树地震同震库仑应力变化以及对2011年MS5.2级囊谦地震的影",
abstract = "A moderate and widely felt earthquake of MS7.1 occurred on April 14, 2010 in Yushu district of Qinghai province, China. Comparing with typical intraplate earthquakes, the exceptional characteristic of aftershock sequence of Yushu earthquake is that the aftershocks are exceptionally sparse and strong for such a moderate earthquake. Thus, the relationship between the MS7.1 mainshock and its aftershocks should provide us a good opportunity to investigate the mechanism of aftershock occurrences. Based on the elastic dislocation theory and multilayer lithospheric model, we calculate the coseismic static and postseismic viscoelastic relaxation stress changes induced by the Yushu earthquake, analyze its influence on aftershocks distribution, and discuss the interaction between MS7.1 Yushu earthquake and 2011 MS5.2 Nangq{\^e}n earthquake. The results show that the coseismic stress changes induced by Yushu earthquake obviously raised the stress accumulation in four regions. Analyzing the relationship between Coulomb stress changes and aftershocks distribution, the numerical result is insensitive to the effective coefficient of friction and calculated depth, but more sensitive to the effect of regional stress. Taking the regional stress into account, 86.7{\%} of total aftershocks located in the regions with increased Coulomb stress. The aftershock distribution of Yushu earthquake could be well explained by the earthquake stress triggering theory. Taking the two nodal planes of the focal mechanism of Nangq{\^e}n earthquake as the receiver fault, we calculate the coseismic and postseismic stress changes with different viscosities. The numerical results indicate that the hypocenter of Nangq{\^e}n earthquake always locates in the stress shadow, which means the theories of static and viscoelastic relaxation stress triggering can not explain the occurrence of Nangq{\^e}n earthquake. So, we propose that the Nangq{\^e}n earthquake could be an independent event.",
keywords = "Coulomb failure stress, Earthquake stress triggering, Nangq{\^e}n earthquake, Yushu earthquake",
author = "Bin Shan and Li, {Jia Hang} and Han, {Li Bo} and Fang, {Li Hua} and Song Yang and Jin, {Bi Kai} and Yong Zheng and Xiong Xiong",
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Shan, B, Li, JH, Han, LB, Fang, LH, Yang, S, Jin, BK, Zheng, Y & Xiong, X 2012, '2010年MS7.1级玉树地震同震库仑应力变化以及对2011年MS5.2级囊谦地震的影', Chinese Journal of Geophysics, vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 3028-3042. https://doi.org/10.6038/j.issn.0001-5733.2012.09.021

2010年MS7.1级玉树地震同震库仑应力变化以及对2011年MS5.2级囊谦地震的影. / Shan, Bin; Li, Jia Hang; Han, Li Bo; Fang, Li Hua; Yang, Song; Jin, Bi Kai; Zheng, Yong; Xiong, Xiong.

In: Chinese Journal of Geophysics, Vol. 55, No. 9, 01.09.2012, p. 3028-3042.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - 2010年MS7.1级玉树地震同震库仑应力变化以及对2011年MS5.2级囊谦地震的影

AU - Shan, Bin

AU - Li, Jia Hang

AU - Han, Li Bo

AU - Fang, Li Hua

AU - Yang, Song

AU - Jin, Bi Kai

AU - Zheng, Yong

AU - Xiong, Xiong

PY - 2012/9/1

Y1 - 2012/9/1

N2 - A moderate and widely felt earthquake of MS7.1 occurred on April 14, 2010 in Yushu district of Qinghai province, China. Comparing with typical intraplate earthquakes, the exceptional characteristic of aftershock sequence of Yushu earthquake is that the aftershocks are exceptionally sparse and strong for such a moderate earthquake. Thus, the relationship between the MS7.1 mainshock and its aftershocks should provide us a good opportunity to investigate the mechanism of aftershock occurrences. Based on the elastic dislocation theory and multilayer lithospheric model, we calculate the coseismic static and postseismic viscoelastic relaxation stress changes induced by the Yushu earthquake, analyze its influence on aftershocks distribution, and discuss the interaction between MS7.1 Yushu earthquake and 2011 MS5.2 Nangqên earthquake. The results show that the coseismic stress changes induced by Yushu earthquake obviously raised the stress accumulation in four regions. Analyzing the relationship between Coulomb stress changes and aftershocks distribution, the numerical result is insensitive to the effective coefficient of friction and calculated depth, but more sensitive to the effect of regional stress. Taking the regional stress into account, 86.7% of total aftershocks located in the regions with increased Coulomb stress. The aftershock distribution of Yushu earthquake could be well explained by the earthquake stress triggering theory. Taking the two nodal planes of the focal mechanism of Nangqên earthquake as the receiver fault, we calculate the coseismic and postseismic stress changes with different viscosities. The numerical results indicate that the hypocenter of Nangqên earthquake always locates in the stress shadow, which means the theories of static and viscoelastic relaxation stress triggering can not explain the occurrence of Nangqên earthquake. So, we propose that the Nangqên earthquake could be an independent event.

AB - A moderate and widely felt earthquake of MS7.1 occurred on April 14, 2010 in Yushu district of Qinghai province, China. Comparing with typical intraplate earthquakes, the exceptional characteristic of aftershock sequence of Yushu earthquake is that the aftershocks are exceptionally sparse and strong for such a moderate earthquake. Thus, the relationship between the MS7.1 mainshock and its aftershocks should provide us a good opportunity to investigate the mechanism of aftershock occurrences. Based on the elastic dislocation theory and multilayer lithospheric model, we calculate the coseismic static and postseismic viscoelastic relaxation stress changes induced by the Yushu earthquake, analyze its influence on aftershocks distribution, and discuss the interaction between MS7.1 Yushu earthquake and 2011 MS5.2 Nangqên earthquake. The results show that the coseismic stress changes induced by Yushu earthquake obviously raised the stress accumulation in four regions. Analyzing the relationship between Coulomb stress changes and aftershocks distribution, the numerical result is insensitive to the effective coefficient of friction and calculated depth, but more sensitive to the effect of regional stress. Taking the regional stress into account, 86.7% of total aftershocks located in the regions with increased Coulomb stress. The aftershock distribution of Yushu earthquake could be well explained by the earthquake stress triggering theory. Taking the two nodal planes of the focal mechanism of Nangqên earthquake as the receiver fault, we calculate the coseismic and postseismic stress changes with different viscosities. The numerical results indicate that the hypocenter of Nangqên earthquake always locates in the stress shadow, which means the theories of static and viscoelastic relaxation stress triggering can not explain the occurrence of Nangqên earthquake. So, we propose that the Nangqên earthquake could be an independent event.

KW - Coulomb failure stress

KW - Earthquake stress triggering

KW - Nangqên earthquake

KW - Yushu earthquake

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