Purpose: PI3K-Akt is overexpressed in 50% to 70% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The hypothesis of this study is that PI3K and EGFR coinhibition may be effective in PDAC with upregulated PI3K-Akt signaling. Experimental Design: Multiple inhibitors were tested on five PDAC cell lines. EGFR inhibitor (EGFRi)-resistant cell lines were found to have significantly overexpressed AKT2 gene, total Akt, and pAkt. In vitro erlotinib-resistant (ER) cell models (BxPC-ER and PANC-ER) with highly constitutively active PI3K-Akt were developed. These and their respective parent cell lines were tested for sensitivity to erlotinib, IGFIR inhibitor NVP-AEW541 (AEW), and PI3K-alpha inhibitor NVP-BYL719 (BYL), alone or in combination, by RTK-phosphoarray, Western blotting, immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, cell proliferation, cell cycle, clonogenic, apoptosis, and migration assays. Erlotinib plus BYL was tested in vivo. Results: Erlotinib acted synergisticallywith BYL in BxPC-ER (synergy index, SI= 1.71) and PANC-ER (SI - 1.44). Treatment of ER cell lines showing upregulated PI3K-Akt with erlotinib plus BYL caused significant G1 cell-cycle arrest (71%, P < 0.001; 58%, P - 0.003), inhibition of colony formation (69% and 72%, both P< 0.001), and necrosis and apoptosis (75% and 53%, bothP< 0.001), more so compared with parent cell lines. In primary patient-derived tumor subrenal capsule (n - 90) and subcutaneous (n - 22) xenografts, erlotinib plus BYL significantly reduced tumor volume (P - 0.005). Strong pEGFR and pAkt immunostaining (2+/3+) was correlated with high and low responses, respectively, to both erlotinib and erlotinib plus BYL. Conclusion: PDAC with increased expression of the PI3K-Akt pathway was susceptible to PI3K-EGFR coinhibition, suggesting oncogenic dependence. Erlotinib plus BYL should be considered for a clinical study in PDAC; further evaluation of pEGFR and pAkt expression as potential positive and negative predictive biomarkers is warranted.