Critical management in knowledge organizations

Reynold Macpherson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to invite educational managers and management educators to reflect critically on practice. Design/methodology/approach – Using the point of Socrates' death, the paper suggests ways of reflecting on actions using ethically-critical, socially-critical, environmentally-critical, politically-critical and globally-critical perspectives. Findings – Ways and means are found of reflecting on actions with special reference to the concept of value and the unique nature of knowledge organizations. Originality/value – The paper is of value in recommending a blend of Rawlsian egalitarian liberalism and Deweyan democratic and educative pragmatism to support ways of being critical in management education, research and in practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-695
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Management
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • critical management
  • knowledge organizations
  • social responsibility


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