Critical reflection, self-knowledge, and the emotions

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Drawing on recent cognitive theories of the emotions, this article develops an account of critical reflection as requiring emotional flexibility and involving the ability to envisage alternative reasons for action. The focus on the role of emotions in critical reflection, and in agents' resistance to reflection, suggests the need to move beyond an introspective to a more social and relational conception of the process of reflection. It also casts new light on the intractable problem of explaining how oppressive socialisation impairs the capacity for autonomy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-206
Number of pages21
JournalPhilosophical explorations : an international journal for the philosophy of mind and action
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002


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