Crosslinking of DNA and proteins induced by protein hydroperoxides

Silvia Gebicki, Janusz M. Gebicki*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exposure of DNA to several proteins peroxidized by radiation-generated hydroxyl free radicals resulted in formation of crosslinks between the macromolecules, detected by retardation and broadening of DNA bands in agarose gels. This technique proved suitable for the study of crosslinking of DNA with peroxidized BSA, insulin, apotransferrin and α casein, but not with several other proteins, including histones. The crosslinking depended on the presence of intact hydroperoxide groups on the protein, on their number, and on the duration of the interaction with DNA. All DNA samples tested, pBR322, pGEM, λ/HindIII and pUC18, formed crosslinks with the peroxidized BSA. Sodium chloride and formate prevented the crosslinking if present during incubation of the peroxidized protein and DNA, but had no effect once the crosslinks had formed. The gel shift of the crosslinked DNA was reversed by proteolysis, indicating that the DNA mobility change was due to attachment of protein and that the crosslinking did not induce DNA strand breaks. The metal chelators Desferal and neocuproine reduced the extent of the crosslinking, but did not prevent it. Scavengers of free radicals did not inhibit the crosslink formation. The DNA-protein complex was not disrupted by vigorous agitation, by filtration or by non-ionic detergents. These observations show that the crosslinking of DNA with proteins mediated by protein hydroperoxides is spontaneous and probably covalent, and that it may be assisted by transition metals. It is suggested that formation of such crosslinks in living organisms could account for some of the well-documented forms of biological damage induced by reactive oxygen species-induced oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-636
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume338
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 1999

Keywords

  • DNA gel shift
  • free radical
  • oxidation
  • radiation
  • reactive oxygen species

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