Projects per year
We build a new radially anisotropic shear wave velocity model of Southern California based on ambient noise adjoint tomography to investigate crustal deformation associated with Cenozoic evolution of the Pacific-North American plate boundary. Pervasive positive radial anisotropy (4%) is observed in the crust east of the San Andreas Fault (SAF), attributed to subhorizontal alignment of mica/amphibole foliation planes resulting from significant crustal extension. Substantial negative anisotropy (6%) is revealed in the middle/lower crust west of the SAF, where high shear wave speeds are also observed. The negative anisotropy could result from steeply dipping amphibole schists in a shear zone developed during Laramide flat slab subduction. Alternatively, it could be caused by the crystal preferred orientation (CPO) of plagioclase, whose fast axis aligns orthogonally to a presumed subhorizontal foliation. The latter new mechanism highlights potentially complex CPO patterns resulting from different lithospheric mineralogy, as suggested by laboratory experiments on xenoliths from the region.
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How the Earth moves: Developing a novel seismological approach to map the small-scale dynamics of the upper mantle
Yang, Y., MQRES, M. & MQRES (International), M.
20/01/14 → …
27/05/19 → 26/05/22