Crystalline Raman lasers

James A. Piper*, Helen M. Pask

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

247 Citations (Scopus)
212 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, we review the developments of crystalline Raman lasers over the past five years. Average powers exceeding 5 W and pulse energies above 1 J in the near infrared have been demonstrated for larger scale devices. There has been a rapid development of all-solid-state sources based on the standard diode-pumped lasers, especially intracavity crystalline Raman lasers, which offer wavelength versatility at high conversion efficiencies (overall diode Stokes optical conversion efficiencies up to 17%) in the near infrared, including the 1.5-μm eye-safe band. Passively Q -switched intracavity Raman lasers based on self-Raman laser materials offer many advantages for miniaturization of short-pulse (<1 ns) sources. Intracavity frequency-doubled crystalline Raman lasers have also emerged as practical and versatile sources in the yellow orange region at >1-W power levels with diode-visible efficiencies near 10%. Recent developments of all-solid-state continuous-wave (CW) intracavity crystalline Raman lasers offer many possibilities for the future: intracavity frequency doubling has already resulted in the demonstration of CW visible sources with powers approaching 1 W at 5% diode-visible efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)692-704
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2007 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE journal of selected topics in quantum electronics. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of Macquarie University’s products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to [email protected]. By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.


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