Cue generation among firefighters: competent vs. expert differences

Mark W. Wiggins, Nathan C. Perry

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

    Abstract

    Empirical investigations of cognitive skill acquisition have generally focused on differences between novice and expert operators. The result is a neglect of the intermediate stage of skill acquisition in which operators progress through competence towards expert performance. This study investigated the qualitative and quantitative differences in the cognitive cues generated by competent and expert firefighters. Participants first read a written, firefighting-related decision scenario before listing the cues that they considered relevant in formulating a decision. The results revealed that experts generated significantly more cues than competent operators. Further, the types of cues generated by competent and expert operators differed, with experts reporting significantly more safety-related cues than competent operators. These outcomes suggest that differences exist between the cues that are employed by expert and competent operators during decision-making, and that these differences reflect a qualitative change in information processing that occurs during the transition from competence to expertise.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting
    Subtitle of host publicationSeptember 22-26, 2008, New York City, NY
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society
    Pages418-422
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)9780945289326
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    EventHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society Meeting (52nd : 2008) - New York
    Duration: 22 Sep 200826 Sep 2008

    Publication series

    NameHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting Proceedings
    PublisherHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society
    Number4
    Volume52
    ISSN (Print)1071-1813

    Conference

    ConferenceHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society Meeting (52nd : 2008)
    CityNew York
    Period22/09/0826/09/08

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