Cue utilization predicts resource allocation during rail control simulations: a NIRS study

Daniel Sturman, Mark W. Wiggins, Jaime C. Auton, Shayne Loft

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Abstract

This study was designed to examine whether cue utilization differentiates performance and resource allocation during simulated monitoring and process control tasks. The experiment involved the completion of a 45-minute rail control simulation that required participants to re-route trains either infrequently (monitoring task) or periodically (process control task). Implicit patterns of train movement were incorporated into the rail control task. Measures of participants’ response latency, fixation rates and cerebral blood flow were taken. Participants with higher cue utilization demonstrated greater decreases in fixation rates, smaller changes in cerebral oxygenation in the prefrontal cortex, and smaller increases in response latencies. The results provide support for the assertion that a relatively greater capacity for cue utilization is associated with the allocation of fewer cognitive resources during sustained attention tasks.

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Resource Allocation
Cues
Reaction Time
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Prefrontal Cortex

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@article{867e0ae652d24541af33f006e314fc89,
title = "Cue utilization predicts resource allocation during rail control simulations: a NIRS study",
abstract = "This study was designed to examine whether cue utilization differentiates performance and resource allocation during simulated monitoring and process control tasks. The experiment involved the completion of a 45-minute rail control simulation that required participants to re-route trains either infrequently (monitoring task) or periodically (process control task). Implicit patterns of train movement were incorporated into the rail control task. Measures of participants’ response latency, fixation rates and cerebral blood flow were taken. Participants with higher cue utilization demonstrated greater decreases in fixation rates, smaller changes in cerebral oxygenation in the prefrontal cortex, and smaller increases in response latencies. The results provide support for the assertion that a relatively greater capacity for cue utilization is associated with the allocation of fewer cognitive resources during sustained attention tasks.",
author = "Daniel Sturman and Wiggins, {Mark W.} and Auton, {Jaime C.} and Shayne Loft",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1541931218621165",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "726--730",
journal = "Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting",
issn = "2169-5067",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "1",

}

Cue utilization predicts resource allocation during rail control simulations : a NIRS study. / Sturman, Daniel; Wiggins, Mark W.; Auton, Jaime C.; Loft, Shayne.

In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Vol. 62, No. 1, 01.09.2018, p. 726-730.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference paperResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Cue utilization predicts resource allocation during rail control simulations

T2 - Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting

AU - Sturman, Daniel

AU - Wiggins, Mark W.

AU - Auton, Jaime C.

AU - Loft, Shayne

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - This study was designed to examine whether cue utilization differentiates performance and resource allocation during simulated monitoring and process control tasks. The experiment involved the completion of a 45-minute rail control simulation that required participants to re-route trains either infrequently (monitoring task) or periodically (process control task). Implicit patterns of train movement were incorporated into the rail control task. Measures of participants’ response latency, fixation rates and cerebral blood flow were taken. Participants with higher cue utilization demonstrated greater decreases in fixation rates, smaller changes in cerebral oxygenation in the prefrontal cortex, and smaller increases in response latencies. The results provide support for the assertion that a relatively greater capacity for cue utilization is associated with the allocation of fewer cognitive resources during sustained attention tasks.

AB - This study was designed to examine whether cue utilization differentiates performance and resource allocation during simulated monitoring and process control tasks. The experiment involved the completion of a 45-minute rail control simulation that required participants to re-route trains either infrequently (monitoring task) or periodically (process control task). Implicit patterns of train movement were incorporated into the rail control task. Measures of participants’ response latency, fixation rates and cerebral blood flow were taken. Participants with higher cue utilization demonstrated greater decreases in fixation rates, smaller changes in cerebral oxygenation in the prefrontal cortex, and smaller increases in response latencies. The results provide support for the assertion that a relatively greater capacity for cue utilization is associated with the allocation of fewer cognitive resources during sustained attention tasks.

U2 - 10.1177/1541931218621165

DO - 10.1177/1541931218621165

M3 - Conference paper

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JO - Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting

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