Current applications and future perspectives of the use of 3D printing in anatomical training and neurosurgery

Vivek Baskaran, Goran Štrkalj, Mirjana Štrkalj, Antonio Di Ieva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)


3D printing is a form of rapid prototyping technology, which has led to innovative new applications in biomedicine. It facilitates the production of highly accurate three dimensional objects from substrate materials. The inherent accuracy and other properties of 3D printing have allowed it to have exciting applications in anatomy education and surgery, with the specialty of neurosurgery having benefited particularly well. This article presents the findings of a literature review of the Pubmed and Web of Science databases investigating the applications of 3D printing in anatomy and surgical education, and neurosurgery. A number of applications within these fields were found, with many significantly improving the quality of anatomy and surgical education, and the practice of neurosurgery. They also offered advantages over existing approaches and practices. It is envisaged that the number of useful applications will rise in the coming years, particularly as the costs of this technology decrease and its uptake rises.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers in Neuroanatomy
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2016. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • 3D printing
  • Anatomy
  • Computer aided design (CAD)
  • Education
  • Neurosurgery
  • Rapid prototyping
  • Surgery


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