Cyclic performance of waste-derived SiO2 stabilized, CaO-based sorbents for fast CO2 capture

Feng Yan, Jianguo Jiang*, Kaimin Li, Sicong Tian, Zongwen Liu, Jeffrey Shi, Xuejing Chen, Jingyuan Fei, Yuxiang Lu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Calcium-looping technology has been identified as one of the most favorable CO2 capture techniques for the implementation of carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS); however, the rapid deactivation of CaO sorbents due to sintering is currently a major barrier of this technology. We report for the first time an environmentally benign and cost-effective strategy to reduce sintering by adding waste-derived nanosilica, synthesized from photovoltaic waste (SiCl4), into Cao-based sorbents through a simple dry mixing procedure. The as-synthesized sorbent (90% CaCO3-W) resulted in final CO2 uptake of 0.32 g(CO2) g(CaO)-1 within 5 min of carbonation. Even under the most severe calcination conditions (at 920 °C in pure CO2), it still maintained a stable capture capacity, with CO2 uptake of 0.23 g(CO2) g(CaO)-1 after 30 cycles. Additionally, the CO2 uptake percentage reached similar to 90% in the fast carbonation stage (~20 s), which is of great significance for real applications. The most likely stabilization mechanism was considered on the basis of N2 physisorption isotherms and X-ray diffraction patterns. It was concluded that stable and refractory larnite (Ca2SiO4) particles were formed during 2-h thermal pretreatment at 900 °C, leading to sintering resistance. This strategy significantly enhanced the cyclic stability and carbonation rate of CaO-based sorbents through the reuse of SiCl4 and is thus a green technology for scaled-up fast CO2 capture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7004-7012
Number of pages9
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • CO2 capture
  • CaO-based sorbent
  • Nanosilica
  • Photovoltaic waste
  • Refractory stabilizer


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