CYCLOPS2: the fibre image slicer upgrade for the UCLES high resolution spectrograph

Anthony Horton*, C. G. Tinney, Scott Case, Tony Farrell, Luke Gers, Damien Jones, Jon Lawrence, Stan Miziarski, Nick Staszak, David Orr, Minh Vuong, Lew Waller, Ross Zhelem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


CYCLOPS2 is an upgrade for the UCLES high resolution spectrograph on the Anglo-Australian Telescope, scheduled for commissioning in semester 2012A. By replacing the 5 mirror Coudé train with a Cassegrain mounted fibre-based image slicer CYCLOPS2 simultaneously provides improved throughput, reduced aperture losses and increased spectral resolution. Sixteen optical fibres collect light from a 5.0 arcsecond2 area of sky and reformat it into the equivalent of a 0.6 arcsecond wide slit, delivering a spectral resolution of R= 70000 and up to twice as much flux as the standard 1 arcsecond slit of the Coudé train. CYCLOPS2 also adds support for simultaneous ThAr wavelength calibration via a dedicated fibre. CYCLOPS2 consists of three main components, the fore-optics unit, fibre bundle and slit unit. The fore optics unit incorporates magnification optics and a lenslet array and is designed to mount to the CURE Cassegrain instrument interface, which provides acquisition, guiding and calibration facilities. The fibre bundle transports the light from the Cassegrain focus to the UCLES spectrograph at Coudé and also includes a fibre mode scrambler. The slit unit consists of the fibre slit and relay optics to project an image of the slit onto the entrance aperture of the UCLES spectrograph. CYCLOPS2 builds on experience with the first generation CYCLOPS fibre system, which we also describe in this paper. We present the science case for an image slicing fibre feed for echelle spectroscopy and describe the design of CYCLOPS and CYCLOPS2.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGround-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV
EditorsIan S. McLean, Suzanne K. Ramsay, Hideki Takami
Place of PublicationBellingham, Washington
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780819491473
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 1 Jul 20126 Jul 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV


  • Image slicer
  • Instrumentation
  • Integral field unit
  • Spectroscopy


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